Journal of Global Ecology and Environment
 

Journal of Global Ecology and Environment, ISSN No. : 2454-2644, Vol.: 6, Issue.: 4

Original Research Article

EVALUATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION POTENTIAL OF Chromolaena odorata AND Helianthus annuus ON SPENT OIL- POLLUTED SOIL

 

UGBE EMMANUEL IKONGBEWHEA1, C. C. IHEUKWUMERE2 AND UGIM SAMUEL UGIM3*

1Federal College of Education, Obudu, Cross River State, Nigeria.

2Department of Biological Sciences, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria.

3University of Calabar, P.M.B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria.

Abstracts

Phytoremediation as a non-destructive and cost-effective in-situ technology for the clean-up of spent oil contaminated soils was investigated using two common plants, Chromolaena odorata (siam weed) and Helianthus annuus (sunflower). The experimental set-up was established in three locations and consisted of a system of treatment of polluted sites with Chromolaena odorata, Helianthus annuus with a separate control. Concentration of heavy metals such as Cu, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cd, and Fe were determined for plant and soil samples using the randomized complete block design (RCBD). Data collected were subjected to one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Duncan's Multiple Range Test used for mean separation. The two plants grew successfully in all the experimental plots. However, there was a significant reduction of Zn, Cu, Cd, Mn, Pb and Fe in the soil and a significant absorption of Pb, Cd, Cu, and Zn by Chromolaena odorata. A significant absorption of Fe and Mn by Helianthus annuus with no corresponding absorption of Pb, Cd, Cu and Zn was also evident. Chromolaena odorata   absorbed more of the heavy metal contaminants than Helianthus annuus which was significant at P = 0.05. This study has established the capacity of the two plants to absorb heavy metal contaminants in the soil. They can, therefore, be recommended for use in the remediation of spent oil- polluted soils.

Keywords :

Phytoremediation; contamination; Chromolaena odorata; Helianthus annuus and spent oil.