Journal of Biology and Nature
 

Journal of Biology and Nature, ISSN No. : 2395-5376 (Print), 2395-5384 (Online), Vol.: 7, Issue.: 4

Original Research Article

THE INFLUENCE OF CIGARETTE SMOKING AND MODERATE BEER CONSUMPTION ON SELECTED BIOCHEMICAL INDICES IN MALE VOLUNTEERS

 

NJOKU SAMUEL1, DURU MAJESTY2*, AKUBUGWO EMMANUEL3, OZOUGWU JEVAS4 AND NWADIKE CONSTANCE5

1Department of Biochemistry, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria.

2Biochemistry Unit, Department of Chemical Sciences, Rhema University, Aba, Nigeria.

3Department of Biochemistry, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria.

4Biology Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, Rhema University, Aba, Nigeria.

5Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Imo State University, Owerri, Nigeria.

Abstracts

Aims: This study investigated the effect of cigarette smoking and moderate beer consumption on selected biochemical indices in male volunteers.

Study Design: Experimental study on human volunteer subjects

Place and Duration of the Study:  The field work of the study was done in Aba, Nigeria. However, different laboratories were used to analyze the samples collected for the study. Links laboratories, and the laboratories of Abia State University, Rhema University, and Imo State University were engaged for study.

Methodology: Eighty healthy male volunteers between the ages of 25-40 years were selected from Aba metropolis, Abia State, Nigeria and grouped into light smokers, moderate smokers, and heavy smokers as test groups; and those that do not smoke and do not take beer were used as control. Blood samples were collected from the volunteers using venipuncture and used for biochemical analysis.

Results: Results obtained for selected biochemical parameters  shows that AST, ALP, ALT and prothrombin time of hepatic organ; lipid profiles and some haematology indices such as haemoglobin, PCV, platelets, neutrophils and lymphocytes were significantly (p<0.05) affected in test groups when compared to the control.  ESR was significantly (p<0.05) affected in moderate and heavy smokers against the control.

Conclusion: These results suggest that cigarette smoking and moderate beer consumption have deleterious effects on selected biochemical indices of the male volunteers. The study has revealed the influence of cigarette smoking and moderate beer consumption on selected biochemical indices in male volunteers.

Keywords :

Abia State; beer consumption; biochemical indices; cigarette smoking; liver function.