Journal of Basic and Applied Research International
 

Journal of Basic and Applied Research International, ISSN No. : 2395-3438 (Print), 2395-3446 (Online), Vol.: 23, Issue.: 2

Original Research Article

MODELING OF THERMAL COMFORT IN PASSENGERS’ CAR CABIN

 

IBRAHIM REDA1, ESSAM E. KHALIL2*, TAHER M. ABOUDEIF2 AND AHMED EL DEGWY2

1Department of Mechanical Power, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt.

2Department of Mechanical Power Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Cairo University, Egypt.

Abstracts

Thermal comfort in vehicle cabin can affect drivers and passenger’s health, performance and comfort. Due to spatial and temporal variations of state variables and boundary conditions in the vehicle cabin, the heating, ventilating and air-conditioning (HVAC) do not have to be designed to provide a uniform environment, especially because of individual differences regarding physiological and psychological response, clothing insulation, activity, air temperature and air movement preference, etc. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the air flow regimes and thermal comfort in vehicle cabin using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. For this purpose, the CFD software from ANSYS Inc., called FLUENT 17.2, is employed. In which the solar load model is embedded S2S (Surface to Surface) as a solar radiation model. The CFD modeling techniques solved the continuity, momentum and energy conservation equations in addition to standard k – ε model equations for turbulence closure. Meshing is processed around 4.0 million unstructured tetra-elements approximately. The performance of the air conditioning system is characterized by airflow regimes (air temperature, air velocity, relative humidity, PMV (Predictive Mean Vote) and PPD (Predicted Percentage Dissatisfaction) contours. The present work is focused on the effect of air terminal shape of HVAC system; two configurations are used case (1) and case (2). Case (1) is the original design of air terminals of the HVAC system of the selected car (Skoda Superb); the air terminals are in rectangular shape. While case (2) incorporated a modified terminals design of the round shape.

Keywords :

CFD; air flow regimes; thermal comfort; PMV; PPD.